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Ghaziabad pronunciation(Hindi: गाज़ियाबाद, Urdu: غازی آباد) is an industrial city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located about 1.5 km east of the Hindon River at latitude 28° 40' north and longitude 77° 25' east. It is 19 km east of Delhi and 46 km southwest of Meerut. The city houses the headquarters of the Ghaziabad district. It was initially part of the Meerut district after independence, till the time when — due to some political intervention — Ghaziabad was separated and given a new district status. The reason cited was that it would be easier to manage if a big district like Meerut were divided into two parts, though it has been stated that the true motivation was political. According to Government of India, the district Ghaziabad is one of the minority concentrated district in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.
Ghaziabad was founded in 1740 by the vizir Ghazi-un-ddin. He named it after himself and called it Ghaziuddinnagar.

The city was the scene of fighting during the Indian Mutiny, 1857–58, revolt that began with Indian soldiers in the Bengal army of the British East India Company but developed into a widespread uprising against British rule in India. In an encounter between the freedom fighters and a small British force the former were defeated while trying to hold the Hindon river. This was the first war of independence and it brought Ghaziabad much of its glory.

Before 14th November 1976 Ghaziabad was the Tehsil of District Meerut. The then chief minister Mr. N.D.Tiwari decalared Ghaziabad as a district on 14th November 1976, on the birth anniversary of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India. From then Ghaziabad has moved forward leaps and bounds on the social, economic, agriculture and individual front.

Ghaziabad, the headquarters of the district of the same name, lies on the Grand Trunk road about a mile east of the Hindon River in lat. 280 40' north and long. 770 25' east, 19 km east of Delhi and 46 km southwest of Meerut with which it is connected by a metalled road. Other roads lead north-west to Loni and Baghpat and east to Hapur and Garhmukteshwar. Buses run at frequent intervals from here to Delhi, Meerut, Aligarh, Bulandshahar, Moradabad, Lucknow and to other districts also. It is an important station on the Northern Railway where railway lines, from Delhi to Calcutta, Moradabad and Saharanpur meet, connecting it with many important cities of India.

As its boundary is adjacent to Delhi, it acts as the main entrance of Uttar Pradesh and that is why it is also called the Gateway Of Uttar Pradesh

The city gets its name from the founder Ghazi-ud-din, who called it Ghaziuddinnagar after himself. Later the name was shortened to Ghaziabad. It is a large industrial city well-connected by roads and railways. It has industries that manufacture railway coaches, diesel engines, bicycles, tapestries, glassware, pottery, paint and varnish, heavy chains, etc.

Recently a number of malls and multiplexes have come up in the city and the roads are being improved by construction and widening of flyovers.
It is a fantastic City.

Due to large no of jobs , migrated people are residing in this Distt, and that is main cause of increasing crime rate.

Delhi Metro is entering in Ghaziabad from Anand Vihar Metro station to Vaishai STN via Kaushambi.

As per Govt of state decision big part of this Distt is separated as Hapur, which was one tehsil of Ghaziabad distt, is declared separate distt. Hapur is named distt Panchsheel Nagar. Town Pilkhuwa is also a part of New Distt !

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  • REGIONAL OFFICE, U.P.POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD, GHAZIABAD, Vineet (guest) wrote 17 days ago:
    Dear Sir, Please be informed, i would like to draw your kind attention regarding spurt in illegal construction in Buildings & illegal Encroachments in Vasundhara,Ghaziabad. Sir, in the past too, some of us have complained regarding Illegal Construction and encroachment in House No-10B /51 .There is absolutely no protection for controlling pollution and the environment creates an unlivable & devastating atmosphere around the surrounding,because of the way, the building materials are used.. The High level of pollution is causing grave and irreparable damage to the area. The House is being constructed without Proper Map being approved by UPAVP.The structure Design is not approved by UPAVP, Ghaziabad Office and there is complete violation of set Guidelines. The Electrical Connections and the power points established is much beyond the approved load, for which permission has no been granted by Electrical deptt. The owner of the premise is a small time, petty politician, who very easily adjusts with the Political Team in power in the state due to his shifting loyalities. In the past too,it has been observed that this Person has come under scanner by different Government agencies ,because of his antecedants. Sir, in view of the above facts, request your kind intervention in ensuring, facts are verified for correctness, illegal activities are stopped , immediately, for everyone's betterment and strict action may please be taken against those, who allowed the work to go on in the construction of illegal structure & encroachment , for so long.
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